In 2015, the East Bay Regional Park District published their second edition of the “Ohlone Curriculum with Bay Miwok Content and Introduction to Delta Yokuts”. This was meant to be third-grade curriculum about the indigenous people of the Bay Area, created by (then) District Cultural Services Coordinator, Beverley R. Ortiz.

This curriculum came with several resources, including: student resources on Ohlone, Bay Miwok, and Delta Yokut people; Native Peoples Map and Brochure; and the 106-page Ohlone Curriculum, itself. The curriculum is primarily directed at the Grade 3 “Core” and History-Social Science standards; as well as Grade 4 & 5 History-Social Science Content Standards.

But, the reason it’s remarkable, is because the student’s resources are made mostly of stories and history told by indigenous people, themselves. In fact, it looks like a big family photo album. Which is pretty cool, very personal. And teacher resources and supplements are super helpful.

Native Peoples of the Region Now Known as the East Bay

Ohlone Curriculum Map; East Bay Regional Park District; March 24, 2020

It feels kinda dumb to even point this out.

The map itself is an extension of all the great energy and intention and wonderful work and the personal, lived experiences of indigenous people.

Not only that, but the map is also:

But it contains some really obvious catographic, and typographic errors.

These seemingly “small errors”, or “minor mistakes” have the profound effect of being repeated in classrooms, and by park interpreters, and educators for almost an entire decade.

And it’s comically contrary to one of the main intents of the curriculum: to dispel stereotypes and clarify misperceptions about the First Peoples of the East Bay.

Ohlone Curriculum Map, with Markup

So what’s wrong with this map?

  1. Huchiun Is Listed Twice.
    Huchiun appears in two different areas; the northern-most is actually supposed to be Huchiun-Aguasto.
  2. Huchiun Aguasto is Not Where Vallejo and Mare Island Are.
    Huchiun Aguasto is actually in the Richmond area; where the northern-most Huchiun label occupies.
  3. Jalquin/Irgin
    Yrgin and Jalquin are two seperate places/areas. Yrgin is spelled incorrectly.
  4. Inconsistent Capitalization
    There’s no reasoning or explanation for why any of these areas/places are spelled with upper-case or lower-case letters.

The effect is a false sense of understanding; the continuation of misconceptions and proliferation of “educational materials” which are wrong/inconsistent with the sources cited in the Ohlone Curriculum, itself. [Like Randall Milliken’s maps.]

Alameda Native History Project tried to tell ’em….

It’s been almost 3 years since we first notified the East Bay Regional Park District of problems with the map they have so widely distributed and prominently displayed, we have yet to hear from the Park District.

The East Bay Regional Park District has neither acknowledged their mistake, not made any move to correct it.

So, we fixed the Ohlone Curriculum Map for them.

East Bay Tribal Groups Map, made by Gabriel Duncan, for the Alameda Native History Project (2023). Map services and data available from U.S. Geological Survey, National Geospatial Program.

lol, the invoice is in the mail.

For information on how to get copies of this map, contact Merch.

If you are an institution which would like large-format, or data designed to meet your cartographic and display needs, contact Collab.